strcoll Function

Compares one string to another.

Include

<string.h>

Prototype

int strcoll(const char * s1, const char * s2);

Arguments

s1
first string
s2
second string

Return Value

Using the locale-dependent rules, it returns a positive number if s1 is greater than s2, zero if s1 is equal to s2 or a negative number if s1 is less than s2.

Remarks

Compares the two string arguments, subject to the LC_COLLATE category of the current locale. When locales are not supported, this function calls strcmp.

Example

See the notes at the beginning of this chapter or section for information on using printf() or scanf() (and other functions reading and writing the stdin or stdout streams) in the example code.

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <locale.h>

int main(void)
{
  char buf1[50] = "Where is the time?";
  char buf2[50] = "Where did they go?";
  int res;

  setlocale(LC_CTYPE, "");
  printf("buf1 : %s\n", buf1);
  printf("buf2 : %s\n", buf2);
  res = strcoll(buf1, buf2);
  if (res < 0)
    printf("buf1 comes before buf2\n");
  else if (res == 0)
    printf("buf1 and buf2 are equal\n");
  else
    printf("buf2 comes before buf1\n");
}

Example Output

buf1 : Where is the time?
buf2 : Where did they go?
buf2 comes before buf1