I/O Lines

In order to use the SERCOM’s I/O lines, the I/O pins must be configured using the IO Pin Controller (PORT).

When the SERCOM is configured for SPI operation, the SERCOM controls the direction and value of the I/O pins according to the table below. The PORT Control bit (PINCFGn.DRVSTR) is still effective for the SERCOM output pins. The PORT Control bit (PINCFGn.PULLEN) is still effective on the SERCOM input pins, but is limited to the enabling/disabling of a pull down only (it is not possible to enable/disable a pull up). If the receiver is disabled, the data input pin can be used for other purposes. In Host mode, the SPI Select line (SS) is hardware controlled when the Host SPI Select Enable bit in the Control B register (CTRLB.MSSEN) is '1'.

Table 1. SPI Pin Configuration
Pin Host SPI Client SPI
MOSI Output Input
MISO Input Output
SCK Output Input
SS Output (CTRLB.MSSEN=1) Input

The combined configuration of PORT, the Data In Pinout and the Data Out Pinout bit groups in the Control A register (CTRLA.DIPO and CTRLA.DOPO) define the physical position of the SPI signals in the table above.