Break Character Detection and Auto-Baud/LIN Client

Break character detection and auto-baud are available in this configuration:

The USART uses a break detection threshold of greater than 11 nominal bit times at the configured baud rate. At any time, if more than 11 consecutive dominant bits are detected on the bus, the USART detects a Break Field. When a break field has been detected, the Receive Break Interrupt Flag (INTFLAG.RXBRK) is set and the USART expects the sync field character to be 0x55. This field is used to update the actual baud rate in order to stay synchronized. If the received sync character is not 0x55, then the Inconsistent Sync Field error flag (STATUS.ISF) is set along with the Error Interrupt Flag (INTFLAG.ERROR), and the baud rate is unchanged.

The auto-baud follows the LIN format. All LIN Frames start with a Break Field followed by a Sync Field.

Figure 1. LIN Break and Sync Fields

After a break field is detected and the Start bit of the sync field is detected, a counter is started. The counter is then incremented for the next 8 bit times of the sync field. At the end of these 8 bit times, the counter is stopped. At this moment, the 13 Most Significant bits of the counter (value divided by 8) give the new clock divider (BAUD.BAUD), and the 3 Least Significant bits of this value (the remainder) give the new Fractional Part (BAUD.FP).

When the sync field has been received, the clock divider (BAUD.BAUD) and the Fractional Part (BAUD.FP) are updated after a synchronization delay. After the break and sync fields are received, multiple characters of data can be received.