Programming the Flash or RAM memories is only possible when the debugger access level is sufficient to access the desired resource:

If DAL is equal to: A typical programming procedure when DAL=0x2 is as follows:
  1. 1.At power up, RESET is driven low by a debugger. The on-chip regulator holds the system in a POR state until the input supply is above the POR threshold. The system continues to be held in this static state until the internally regulated supplies have reached a safe operating state.
  2. 2.The Power Manager (PM) starts, clocks are switched to the slow clock (Core Clock, System Clock, Flash Clock and any Bus Clocks that do not have clock gate control). Internal resets are maintained due to the external reset.
  3. 3.The debugger maintains a low level on SWCLK. RESET is released, resulting in a debugger Cold-Plugging procedure.
  4. 4.The debugger generates a clock signal on the SWCLK pin, the Debug Access Port (DAP) receives a clock.
  5. 5.The CPU executes the Boot ROM.
  6. 6.It is recommended to issue a Chip-Erase (supported by the Boot ROM) to ensure that the Flash is fully erased prior to programming.
  7. 7.If the operation issued above was accepted and has completed successfully then DAL equals 0x2 thus programming is available through the AHB-AP.
  8. 8.After the operation is completed, the chip can be restarted either by asserting RESET, toggling power, or sending a command to the Boot ROM to jump to the NVM code. Make sure that the SWCLK pin is high when releasing RESET to prevent entering again the cold-plugging procedure with the Boot ROM stalling the CPU.