Considerations when Enabling the Extended Instruction Set

It is important to note that the extensions to the instruction set may not be beneficial to all users. In particular, users who are not writing code that uses a software stack may not benefit from using the extensions to the instruction set.

Additionally, the Indexed Literal Offset Addressing mode may create issues with legacy applications written to the PIC18 assembler. This is because instructions in the legacy code may attempt to address registers in the Access Bank below 5Fh. Since these addresses are interpreted as literal offsets to FSR2 when the instruction set extension is enabled, the application may read or write to the wrong data addresses.

When porting an application to a PIC18 device supporting extensions to the instruction set, it is very important to consider the type of code. A large, re-entrant application that is written in ‘C’ and benefits from efficient compilation will do well when using the instruction set extensions. Legacy applications that heavily use the Access Bank will most likely not benefit from using the extended instruction set.

ADDWF Add W to Indexed (Indexed Literal Offset Mode)
Syntax ADDWF [k] {,d}
Operands

0 ≤ k ≤ 95
d ∈ [0, 1]

Operation (W) + ((FSR2) + k) → dest
Status Affected N, OV, C, DC, Z
Encoding 0010 01d0 kkkk kkkk
Description The contents of W are added to the contents of the register indicated by FSR2, offset by the value ‘k’. If ‘d’ is ‘0’, the result is stored in W. If ‘d’ is ‘1’, the result is stored back in the register ‘f’ (default).
Words 1
Cycles 1

Q Cycle Activity:

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Decode Read literal ‘k’ Process Data Write to destination

Example: ADDWF [OFST] , 0

Before Instruction
W = 17h
OFST = 2Ch
FSR2 = 0A00h
Contents of 0A2Ch = 20h

After Instruction
W = 37h
Contents of 0A2Ch = 20h

BSF Bit Set Indexed (Indexed Literal Offset Mode)
Syntax BSF [k], b
Operands

0 ≤ k ≤ 95
0 ≤ b ≤ 7

Operation 1 → ((FSR2) + k)<b>
Status Affected None
Encoding 1000 bbb0 kkkk kkkk
Description Bit ‘b’ of the register indicated by FSR2, offset by the value ‘k’, is set.
Words 1
Cycles 1

Q Cycle Activity:

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Decode Read literal ‘k’ Process Data Write to destination

Example: BSF [FLAG_OFST], 7

Before Instruction
FLAG_OFST = 0Ah
FSR2 = 0A00h
Contents of 0A0Ah = 55h

After Instruction
Contents of 0A0Ah = D5h

SETF Set Indexed (Indexed Literal Offset Mode)
Syntax SETF [k]
Operands

0 ≤ k ≤ 95

Operation FFh → ((FSR2) + k)
Status Affected None
Encoding 0110 1000 kkkk kkkk
Description The contents of the register indicated by FSR2, offset by the value ‘k’, are set to FFh.
Words 1
Cycles 1

Q Cycle Activity:

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Decode Read literal ‘k’ Process Data Write to destination

Example: SETF [OFST]

Before Instruction
OFST = 2Ch
FSR2 = 0A00h
Contents of 0A2Ch = 00h

After Instruction
Contents of 0A2Ch = FFh