Clock Stretching for Buffer Operations

When enabled (CSD = 0), clock stretching is forced during buffer read/write operations. This allows the client device time to either load I2CxTXB with transmit data, or read data from I2CxRXB to clear the buffer.
In Client Receive mode, clock stretching prevents receive data overflows. When the first seven bits of a new byte are received into the receive shift register while I2CxRXB is full (RXBF = 1), client hardware automatically stretches the clock and sets CSTR. When the client has read the data in I2CxRXB, client hardware automatically clears CSTR to release the SCL line and continue communication (see the figure below).
Figure 1. Receive Buffer Clock Stretching
In Client Transmit mode, clock stretching prevents transmit underflows. When I2CxTXB is empty (TXBE = 1) and the I2CxCNT register is nonzero (I2CxCNT != 0), client hardware stretches the clock and sets CSTR upon the 8th falling SCL edge. Once the client has loaded new data into I2CxTXB, client hardware automatically clears CSTR to release the SCL line and allow further communication (see the figure below).
Figure 2. Transmit Buffer Clock Stretching