TWI

Figure 1. TWI - Timing Requirements
Table 1. TWI - Timing Specifications
Symbol Description Min. Typ.✝ Max. Unit Condition
VDD Supply voltage range 1.8 5.5 V fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
2.2 5.5 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
fSCL SCL clock frequency 1000 kHz Max. frequency requires system clock at 10 MHz
VHYS Hysteresis of Schmitt Trigger inputs 0.1×VDD   0.4×VDD V  
VOL Output low voltage 0.2×VDD V Iload = 20 mA, Fast mode+
0.4V Iload = 3 mA, Normal mode, VDD > 2V
0.2×VDD Iload = 3 mA, Normal mode, VDD ≤ 2V
IOL Low-level output current 3 mA fSCL ≤ 400 kHz, VOL = 0.4V
20 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz, VOL = 0.4V
CB * Capacitive load for each bus line 400 pF fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
400 fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
550 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
tR * Rise time for both SDA and SCL 1000 ns fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
20 300 fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
120 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
tOF * Output fall time from VIHmin to VILmax 250 ns

fSCL ≤ 100 kHz

10 pF < CB < 400 pF

20×(VDD/5.5V) 250

fSCL ≤ 400 kHz

10 pF < CB < 400 pF

20×(VDD/5.5V) 120

fSCL ≤ 1 MHz

10 pF < CB < 400 pF

tSP * Spikes suppressed by the input filter 0 50 ns  
IL Input current for each I/O pin 1 µA 0.1×VDD < VI < 0.9×VDD
CI * Capacitance for each I/O pin 10 pF  
RP Value of pull-up resistor (VDD-VOL(max)) /IOL 1000 ns/(0.8473×CB) fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
300 ns/(0.8473×CB) fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
120 ns/(0.8473×CB) fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
tHD_STA * Hold time (repeated) Start condition 4.0 µs fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
0.6 fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
0.26 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
TLOW * Low period of SCL Clock 4.7 µs fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
0.6 fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
0.35 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
THIGH * High period of SCL Clock 4.0 µs fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
0.6 fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
0.26 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
tSU_STA * Setup time for a repeated Start condition 4.7 µs fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
0.6 fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
0.26 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
tHD_DAT * Data hold time across all corners 0 ns SDAHOLD[1:0] = 0x0
300 900 SDAHOLD[1:0] = 0x3
tSU_DAT Data setup time 250 ns fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
100 fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
50 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
tSU_STO * Setup time for Stop condition 4 µs fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
0.6 fSCL ≤ 400 kHz
0.26 fSCL ≤ 1 MHz
tBUF * Bus free time between a Stop and Start condition 4.7 µs fSCL ≤ 100 kHz
1.3 fSCL ≤ 400 kHz

Data in the “Typ.” column is at TA = 25°C and VDD = 3.0V unless otherwise specified. These parameters are not tested and are for design guidance only.

* These parameters are characterized but not tested in production.