Clock generation

Figure 1. ADC Prescaler

The ADC requires an input clock frequency between 50kHz and 1.5MHz for maximum resolution. If a lower resolution than 10 bits is selected, the input clock frequency to the ADC can be higher than 1.5MHz to get a higher sample rate.

The ADC module contains a prescaler which generates the ADC clock (CLK_ADC) from any CPU clock (CLK_PER) above 100kHz. The prescaling is selected by writing to the Prescaler bits (PRESC) in the Control C register (ADC.CTRLC). The prescaler starts counting from the moment the ADC is switched on by writing a '1' to the ENABLE bit in ADC.CTRLA. The prescaler keeps running as long as the ENABLE bit is one, the prescaler counter is reset to zero when the ENABLE bit is zero.

When initiating a conversion by writing a '1' to the Start Conversion bit (STCONV) in the Command register (ADC.COMMAND) or from event, the conversion starts at the following rising edge of the CLK_ADC clock cycle. The prescaler is kept reset as long as there is no ongoing conversion. This assures a fixed delay from the trigger to the actual start of a conversion in CLK_PER cycles as:

Figure 2. Start conversion and clock generation