7-Bit Transmission with Address Hold Enabled

Setting the AHEN bit enables additional clock stretching and interrupt generation after the eighth falling edge of a received matching address. Once a matching address has been clocked in, CKP is cleared and the SSPxIF interrupt is set.

Figure 1 displays a standard waveform of a 7-bit address client transmission with AHEN enabled.

  1. 1.Bus starts Idle.
  2. 2.Host sends Start condition; the S bit is set; SSPxIF is set if SCIE is set.
  3. 3.Host sends matching address with the WR/ bit set. After the eighth falling edge of the SCL line the CKP bit is cleared and SSPxIF interrupt is generated.
  4. 4.Client software clears SSPxIF.
  5. 5.Client software reads the ACKTIM, R/W and AD/ bits to determine the source of the interrupt.
  6. 6.Client reads the address value from the SSPxBUF register, clearing the BF bit.
  7. 7.Client software decides from this information if it wishes to ACK or NACK and sets the ACKDT bit accordingly.
  8. 8.Client software sets the CKP bit, releasing SCL.
  9. 9.Host clocks in the ACK value from the client.
  10. 10.Client hardware automatically clears the CKP bit and sets SSPxIF after ACK if the R/W bit is set.
  11. 11.Client software clears SSPxIF.
  12. 12.Client loads value to transmit to the host into SSPxBUF, setting the BF bit.
    Important: SSPxBUF cannot be loaded until after the ACK.
  13. 13.Client software sets the CKP bit, releasing the clock.
  14. 14.Host clocks out the data from the client and sends an ACK value on the ninth SCL pulse.
  15. 15.Client hardware copies the ACK value into the ACKSTAT bit.
  16. 16.Steps 10-15 are repeated for each byte transmitted to the host from the client.
  17. 17.If the host sends a not ACK, the client releases the bus allowing the host to send a Stop and end the communication.
    Important: Host must send a not ACK on the last byte to ensure that the client releases the SCL line to receive a Stop.
Figure 1. I2C Client, 7-Bit Address, Transmission (AHEN = 1)