Pin Configuration

The Pin n Control (PORTx.PINnCTRL) register is used to configure inverted I/O, pull-up, and input sensing of a pin. The control register for pin n is at the byte address plusPORTxplus0x10n .

All input and output on the respective pin n can be inverted by writing a ‘1’ to the Inverted I/O Enable (INVEN) bit in PORTx.PINnCTRL. When INVEN is ‘1’, the PORTx.IN/OUT/OUTSET/OUTTGL registers will have inverted operation for this pin.

Toggling the INVEN bit causes an edge on the pin, which can be detected by all peripherals using this pin and is seen by interrupts or events if enabled.

The Input Level Select (INLVL) bit controls the input voltage threshold for pin n in PORTx.PINnCTRL. A selection of Schmitt trigger thresholds derived from the supply voltage or TTL levels is available.

The input threshold is important in determining the value of bit n in the PORTx.IN register and also the level at which an interrupt condition occurs if that feature is enabled.

The input pull-up of pin n is enabled by writing a ‘1’ to the Pull-up Enable (PULLUPEN) bit in PORTx.PINnCTRL. The pull-up is disconnected when the pin is configured as an output, even if PULLUPEN is ‘1’.

Pin interrupts can be enabled for pin n by writing to the Input/Sense Configuration (ISC) bit field in PORTx.PINnCTRL. Refer to Interrupts for further details.

The digital input buffer for pin n can be disabled by writing the INPUT_DISABLE setting to ISC. This can reduce power consumption and may reduce noise if the pin is used as analog input. While configured to INPUT_DISABLE, bit n in PORTx.IN will not change since the input synchronizer is disabled.