`int rand(void)`

The rand() function computes a sequence of pseudo-random integers in the range of 0 to `RAND_MAX`

(as defined by the header file <stdlib.h>).

The srand() function sets its argument `seed`

as the seed for a new sequence of pseudo-random numbers to be returned by rand(). These sequences are repeatable by calling srand() with the same seed value.

If no seed value is provided, the functions are automatically seeded with a value of 1.

In compliance with the C standard, these functions operate on `int`

arguments. Since the underlying algorithm already uses 32-bit calculations, this causes a loss of precision. See `random()`

for an alternate set of functions that retains full 32-bit precision.