double hypot

double hypot(double __x, double __y)

The hypot() function returns sqrt(__x*__x + __y*__y). This is the length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle with sides of length __x and __y, or the distance of the point (__x, __y) from the origin. Using this function instead of the direct formula is wise, since the error is much smaller. No underflow with small __x and __y. No overflow if result is in range.