# 25 Instruction Set Summary

Mnemonic | Operands | Description | Op | Flags | #Clocks AVRrc | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

ADD | Rd, Rr | Add without Carry | Rd | ← | Rd + Rr | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 |

ADC | Rd, Rr | Add with Carry | Rd | ← | Rd + Rr + C | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 |

ADIW | Rd, K | Add Immediate to Word | Rd | ← | Rd + 1:Rd + K | Z,C,N,V,S | N/A |

SUB | Rd, Rr | Subtract without Carry | Rd | ← | Rd - Rr | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 |

SUBI | Rd, K | Subtract Immediate | Rd | ← | Rd - K | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 |

SBC | Rd, Rr | Subtract with Carry | Rd | ← | Rd - Rr - C | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 |

SBCI | Rd, K | Subtract Immediate with Carry | Rd | ← | Rd - K - C | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 |

SBIW | Rd, K | Subtract Immediate from Word | Rd + 1:Rd | ← | Rd + 1:Rd - K | Z,C,N,V,S | N/A |

AND | Rd, Rr | Logical AND | Rd | ← | Rd • Rr | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

ANDI | Rd, K | Logical AND with Immediate | Rd | ← | Rd • K | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

OR | Rd, Rr | Logical OR | Rd | ← | Rd v Rr | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

ORI | Rd, K | Logical OR with Immediate | Rd | ← | Rd v K | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

EOR | Rd, Rr | Exclusive OR | Rd | ← | Rd ⊕ Rr | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

COM | Rd | One’s Complement | Rd | ← | $FF - Rd | Z,C,N,V,S | 1 |

NEG | Rd | Two’s Complement | Rd | ← | $00 - Rd | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 |

SBR | Rd,K | Set Bit(s) in Register | Rd | ← | Rd v K | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

CBR | Rd,K | Clear Bit(s) in Register | Rd | ← | Rd • ($FFh - K) | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

INC | Rd | Increment | Rd | ← | Rd + 1 | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

DEC | Rd | Decrement | Rd | ← | Rd - 1 | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

TST | Rd | Test for Zero or Minus | Rd | ← | Rd • Rd | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

CLR | Rd | Clear Register | Rd | ← | Rd ⊕ Rd | Z,N,V,S | 1 |

SER | Rd | Set Register | Rd | ← | $FF | None | 1 |

Mnemonic | Operands | Description | Op | Flags | #Clocks AVRrc | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

RJMP | k | Relative Jump | PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 2 |

IJMP | Indirect Jump to (Z) |
PC(15:0) PC(21:16) |
← ← |
Z 0 | None | 2 | |

RCALL | k | Relative Call Subroutine | PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 3^{(1)} |

ICALL | Indirect Call to (Z) |
PC(15:0) PC(21:16) |
← ← |
Z 0 | None | 3^{(1)} | |

RET | Subroutine Return | PC | ← | STACK | None | 6^{(1)} | |

RETI | Interrupt Return | PC | ← | STACK | I | 6^{(1)} | |

CPSE | Rd,Rr | Compare, Skip if Equal | if (Rd = Rr) PC | ← | PC + 2 or 3 | None | 1 / 2 |

CP | Rd,Rr | Compare | Rd - Rr | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 | ||

CPC | Rd,Rr | Compare with Carry | Rd - Rr - C | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 | ||

CPI | Rd,K | Compare with Immediate | Rd - K | Z,C,N,V,S,H | 1 | ||

SBRC | Rr, b | Skip if Bit in Register Cleared | if (Rr(b) = 0) PC | ← | PC + 2 or 3 | None | 1 / 2 |

SBRS | Rr, b | Skip if Bit in Register Set | if (Rr(b) = 1) PC | ← | PC + 2 or 3 | None | 1 / 2 |

SBIC | A, b | Skip if Bit in I/O Register Cleared | if (I/O(A,b) = 0) PC | ← | PC + 2 or 3 | None | 1 / 2 |

SBIS | A, b | Skip if Bit in I/O Register Set | If (I/O(A,b) =1) PC | ← | PC + 2 or 3 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRBS | s, k | Branch if Status Flag Set | if (SREG(s) = 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRBC | s, k | Branch if Status Flag Cleared | if (SREG(s) = 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BREQ | k | Branch if Equal | if (Z = 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRNE | k | Branch if Not Equal | if (Z = 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRCS | k | Branch if Carry Set | if (C = 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRCC | k | Branch if Carry Cleared | if (C = 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRSH | k | Branch if Same or Higher | if (C = 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRLO | k | Branch if Lower | if (C = 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRMI | k | Branch if Minus | if (N = 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRPL | k | Branch if Plus | if (N = 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRGE | k | Branch if Greater or Equal, Signed | if (N ⊕ V= 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRLT | k | Branch if Less Than, Signed | if (N ⊕ V= 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRHS | k | Branch if Half Carry Flag Set | if (H = 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRHC | k | Branch if Half Carry Flag Cleared | if (H = 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRTS | k | Branch if T Flag Set | if (T = 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRTC | k | Branch if T Flag Cleared | if (T = 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRVS | k | Branch if Overflow Flag is Set | if (V = 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRVC | k | Branch if Overflow Flag is Cleared | if (V = 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRIE | k | Branch if Interrupt Enabled | if (I = 1) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

BRID | k | Branch if Interrupt Disabled | if (I = 0) then PC | ← | PC + k + 1 | None | 1 / 2 |

Mnemonic | Operands | Description | Op | Flags | #Clocks AVRrc | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

MOV | Rd, Rr | Copy Register | Rd | ← | Rr | None | 1 |

LDI | Rd, K | Load Immediate | Rd | ← | K | None | 1 |

LDS | Rd, k | Load Direct from data space | Rd | ← | (k) | None | 2 |

LD | Rd, X | Load Indirect | Rd | ← | (X) | None | 1 / 2 |

LD | Rd, X+ | Load Indirect and Post-Increment |
Rd X |
← ← |
(X) X + 1 | None | 2 / 3 |

LD | Rd, -X | Load Indirect and Pre-Decrement |
X Rd |
← ← |
X - 1 (X) | None | 2 / 3 |

LD | Rd, Y | Load Indirect | Rd | ← | (Y) | None | 1 / 2 |

LD | Rd, Y+ | Load Indirect and Post-Increment |
Rd Y |
← ← |
(Y) Y + 1 | None | 2 / 3 |

LD | Rd, -Y | Load Indirect and Pre-Decrement |
Y Rd |
← ← |
Y - 1 (Y) | None | 2 / 3 |

LDD | Rd, Y+q | Load Indirect with Displacement | Rd | ← | (Y + q) | None | N/A |

LD | Rd, Z | Load Indirect | Rd | ← | (Z) | None | 1 / 2 |

LD | Rd, Z+ | Load Indirect and Post-Increment |
Rd Z |
← ← |
(Z) Z+1 | None | 2 / 3 |

LD | Rd, -Z | Load Indirect and Pre-Decrement |
Z Rd |
← ← |
Z - 1 (Z) | None | 2 / 3 |

LDD | Rd, Z+q | Load Indirect with Displacement | Rd | ← | (Z + q) | None | N/A |

STS | k, Rr | Store Direct to Data Space | (k) | ← | Rd | None | 1 |

ST | X, Rr | Store Indirect | (X) | ← | Rr | None | 1 |

ST | X+, Rr | Store Indirect and Post-Increment |
(X) X |
← ← |
Rr X + 1 | None | 1 |

ST | -X, Rr | Store Indirect and Pre-Decrement |
X (X) |
← ← |
X - 1 Rr | None | 2 |

ST | Y, Rr | Store Indirect | (Y) | ← | Rr | None | 1 |

ST | Y+, Rr | Store Indirect and Post-Increment |
(Y) Y |
← ← |
Rr Y + 1 | None | 1 |

ST | -Y, Rr | Store Indirect and Pre-Decrement |
Y (Y) |
← ← |
Y - 1 Rr | None | 2 |

STD | Y+q, Rr | Store Indirect with Displacement | (Y + q) | ← | Rr | None | N/A |

ST | Z, Rr | Store Indirect | (Z) | ← | Rr | None | 1 |

ST | Z+, Rr | Store Indirect and Post-Increment |
(Z) Z |
← ← | Rr Z + 1 | None | 1 |

ST | -Z, Rr | Store Indirect and Pre-Decrement | Z | ← | Z - 1 | None | 2 |

STD | Z+q,Rr | Store Indirect with Displacement | (Z + q) | ← | Rr | None | N/A |

LPM | Load Program Memory | R0 | ← | (Z) | None | N/A | |

IN | Rd, A | In From I/O Location | Rd | ← | I/O(A) | None | 1 |

OUT | A, Rr | Out To I/O Location | I/O(A) | ← | Rr | None | 1 |

PUSH | Rr | Push Register on Stack | STACK | ← | Rr | None | 1^{(1)} |

POP | Rd | Pop Register from Stack | Rd | ← | STACK | None | 3^{(1)} |

Mnemonic | Operands | Description | Op | Flags | #Clocks AVRrc | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

LSL | Rd | Logical Shift Left |
Rd(n+1) Rd(0) C |
← ← ← |
Rd(n) 0 Rd(7) | Z,C,N,V,H | 1 |

LSR | Rd | Logical Shift Right |
Rd(n) Rd(7) C |
← ← ← |
Rd(n+1) 0 Rd(0) | Z,C,N,V | 1 |

ROL | Rd | Rotate Left Through Carry |
Rd(0) Rd(n+1) C |
← ← ← |
C Rd(n) Rd(7) | Z,C,N,V,H | 1 |

ROR | Rd | Rotate Right Through Carry |
Rd(7) Rd(n) C |
← ← ← |
C Rd(n+1) Rd(0) | Z,C,N,V | 1 |

ASR | Rd | Arithmetic Shift Right | Rd(n) | ← | Rd(n+1), n=0..6 | Z,C,N,V | 1 |

SWAP | Rd | Swap Nibbles | Rd(3..0) | ↔ | Rd(7..4) | None | 1 |

SBI | A, b | Set Bit in I/O Register | I/O(A, b) | ← | 1 | None | 1 |

CBI | A, b | Clear Bit in I/O Register | I/O(A, b) | ← | 0 | None | 1 |

BST | Rr, b | Bit Store from Register to T | T | ← | Rr(b) | T | 1 |

BLD | Rd, b | Bit load from T to Register | Rd(b) | ← | T | None | 1 |

BSET | s | Flag Set | SREG(s) | ← | 1 | SREG(s) | 1 |

BCLR | s | Flag Clear | SREG(s) | ← | 0 | SREG(s) | 1 |

SEC | Set Carry | C | ← | 1 | C | 1 | |

CLC | Clear Carry | C | ← | 0 | C | 1 | |

SEN | Set Negative Flag | N | ← | 1 | N | 1 | |

CLN | Clear Negative Flag | N | ← | 0 | N | 1 | |

SEZ | Set Zero Flag | Z | ← | 1 | Z | 1 | |

CLZ | Clear Zero Flag | Z | ← | 0 | Z | 1 | |

SEI | Global Interrupt Enable | I | ← | 1 | I | 1 | |

CLI | Global Interrupt Disable | I | ← | 0 | I | 1 | |

SES | Set Signed Test Flag | S | ← | 1 | S | 1 | |

CLS | Clear Signed Test Flag | S | ← | 0 | S | 1 | |

SEV | Set Two’s Complement Overflow | V | ← | 1 | V | 1 | |

CLV | Clear Two’s Complement Overflow | V | ← | 0 | V | 1 | |

SET | Set T in SREG | T | ← | 1 | T | 1 | |

CLT | Clear T in SREG | T | ← | 0 | T | 1 | |

SEH | Set Half Carry Flag in SREG | H | ← | 1 | H | 1 | |

CLH | Clear Half Carry Flag in SREG | H | ← | 0 | H | 1 |

Mnemonic | Operands | Description | Operation | Flags | #Clocks AVRrc |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

BREAK | Break | (See also in Debug interface description) | None | 1 | |

NOP | No Operation | None | 1 | ||

SLEEP | Sleep | (see also power management and sleep description) | None | 1 | |

WDR | Watchdog Reset | (see also Watchdog Controller description) | None | 1 |

Note:

- Cycle time for data memory accesses assume internal RAM access, and are not valid for accesses through the NVM controller. A minimum of one extra cycle must be added when accessing memory through the NVM controller (such as Flash and EEPROM), but depending on simultaneous accesses by other masters or the NVM controller state, there may be more than one extra cycle.