Data Reception

The USART receiver samples the reception line to detect and interpret the received data. The direction of the pin must, therefore, be configured as an input by writing a ‘0’ to the corresponding bit in the Data Direction (PORTx.DIR) register.

The receiver accepts data when a valid Start bit is detected. Each bit that follows the Start bit will be sampled at the baud rate or XCK clock and shifted into the Receive Shift register until the first Stop bit of a frame is received. A second Stop bit will be ignored by the receiver. When the first Stop bit is received, and a complete serial frame is present in the Receive Shift register, the contents of the Shift register will be moved into the receive buffer. The Receive Complete Interrupt Flag (the RXCIF bit in the USARTn.STATUS register) is set, and the interrupt is generated if enabled.

The RXDATA registers are the part of the double-buffered RX buffer that can be read by the application software when RXCIF is set. If only one frame has been received, the data and status bits for that frame are pushed to the RXDATA registers directly. If two frames are present in the RX buffer, the RXDATA registers contain the data for the oldest frame.

The buffer shifts out the data either when RXDATAL or RXDATAH is read, depending on the configuration. The register, which does not lead to data being shifted, must be read first to be able to read both bytes before shifting. When the Character Size (CHSIZE) bit field in the Control C (USARTn.CTRLC) register is configured to 9-bit (low byte first), a read of RXDATAH shifts the receive buffer. Otherwise, RXDATAL shifts the buffer.