Direction Change

To ensure correct timing for a half-duplex UART operation, the UPDI has a built-in guard time mechanism to relax the timing when changing direction from RX to TX mode. The guard time is represented by the Idle bits inserted before the next Start bit of the first response byte is transmitted. The number of Idle bits can be configured through the Guard Time Value (GTVAL) bit field in the Control A (UPDI.CTRLA) register. The duration of each Idle bit is given by the baud rate used by the current transmission.

Figure 1. UPDI Direction Change by Inserting Idle Bits

The UPDI guard time is the minimum Idle time that the connected debugger will experience when waiting for data from the UPDI. The maximum Idle time is the same as time-out. When the synchronization time plus the data bus accessing time is longer than the guard time, the Idle time before a transmission will be more than the expected guard time.

It is recommended to always use the insertion of a minimum of two Guard Time bits on the UPDI side and one guard time cycle insertion from the debugger side.