Clock Source Connections

Pins XTAL1 and XTAL2 are input and output, respectively, of an inverting amplifier that can be configured for use as an on-chip oscillator, as shown in the figure below. Either a quartz crystal or a ceramic resonator may be used.

C1 and C2 should always be equal for both crystals and resonators. The optimal value of the capacitors depends on the crystal or resonator in use, the amount of stray capacitance, and the electromagnetic noise of the environment. Some initial guidelines for choosing capacitors for use with crystals are given in the next table. For ceramic resonators, the capacitor values given by the manufacturer should be used.

Figure 1. Crystal Oscillator Connections