Using MPCMn

For an MCU to act as a master MCU, it can use a 9-bit character frame format (UCSZ1=7). The ninth bit (TXB8) must be set when an address frame (TXB8=1) is being transmitted or cleared when a data frame (TXB=0) is being transmitted. The slave MCUs must, in this case, be set to use a 9-bit character frame format.

The following procedure should be used to exchange data in Multi-Processor Communication mode:

  1. 1.All slave MCUs are in Multi-Processor Communication mode (MPCM in UCSRnA is set).
  2. 2.The master MCU sends an address frame, and all slaves receive and read this frame. In the slave MCUs, the RXC flag in UCSRnA will be set as normal.
  3. 3.Each slave MCU reads the UDRn register and determines if it has been selected. If so, it clears the MPCM bit in UCSRnA, otherwise, it waits for the next address byte and keeps the MPCM setting.
  4. 4.The addressed MCU will receive all data frames until a new address frame is received. The other slave MCUs, which still have the MPCM bit set, will ignore the data frames.
  5. 5.When the last data frame is received by the addressed MCU, the addressed MCU sets the MPCM bit and waits for a new address frame from the master. The process then repeats from step 2.

Using any of the 5- to 8-bit character frame formats is possible, but impractical since the receiver must change between using n and n+1 character frame formats. This makes full-duplex operation difficult since the transmitter and receiver use the same character size setting. If 5- to 8-bit character frames are used, the transmitter must be set to use two stop bit (USBS = 1) since the first stop bit is used for indicating the frame type.

Do not use Read-Modify-Write instructions (SBI and CBI) to set or clear the MPCM bit. The MPCM bit shares the same I/O location as the TXC flag and this might accidentally be cleared when using SBI or CBI instructions.